Crohn's Disease Diet
Keep your disease under control through nutrition.
Crohn's Disease is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease that is caused by an immune reaction against the intestinal tract.
With Crohn's disease, since the small intestine becomes inflamed, it can be hard to digest and absorb key nutrients from food. The lack of sufficient nutrients in combination with a reduced or poor appetite, can result in malnutrition for those affected by this disease.
While there is no specific and scientifically-proven diet for Crohn's Disease, a person with the condition may find that certain foods trigger a flare-up. Symptoms of a flare-up include gas, bloating, diarrhea and abdominal cramping. But avoiding these foods and following a high calorie and nutrient-dense diet, the disease can become more manageable.
- Emphasizes the importance of nutrition and health
- Diet is a more cost-effective of managing health condition that taking prescription medications
- Limits or avoids consuming processed foods
- May be difficult to identify certain trigger foods, especially if those foods are additives or preservatives
- Loss of appetite can make it difficult to eat
- Condition can become very serious if not properly managed
- Very limited diet
- Avoids the consumption of many healthy foods
While people with Crohn's Disease will develop a personalized eating plan that is based on their food tolerances and intolerances, there are a few general dietary guidelines that can be followed to maintain appetite, body weight and proper nutrient nourishment.
Here are common trigger foods that should be avoided for a person with Crohn's Disease:
- alcohol (mixed drinks, beer, wine)
- butter, mayonnaise, margarine, oils
- carbonated beverages
- coffee, tea, chocolate
- corn husks
- dairy products (if lactose intolerant)
- fatty foods (fried foods)
- foods high in fiber
- gas-producing foods (lentils, beans, legumes, cabbage, broccoli, onions)
- nuts and seeds (peanut butter, other nut butters)
- raw fruits
- raw vegetables
- red meat and pork
- spicy foods
- whole grains and bran
Those with Crohn's Disease should eat frequent , small and high calorie meals and snacks throughout the day.
A sample day might look like this:
- Breakfast: Rice cereal and a baked apple
- Lunch: Vegetable soup made with noodles
- Dinner: Pasta with baked chicken breast or poached salmon
- Snacks: Cooked fruits, cooked vegetables, eggs, applesauce, crackers, graham crackers, pasta, yogurt, toast, and rice.
While exercise is an integral part of health, for a person with Crohn's Disease is struggling with low body weight, exercise is not encouraged.
But for those who are successfully managing their condition, exercise can be done according to their own personal preferences. In addition to moderate cardiovascular conditioning, strength-training to build lean muscle mass is also encouraged.CONCLUSION
Crohn's Disease is a serious intestinal condition that can greatly impact a person's physical health and their quality of life. But with the proper management of symptoms through diet and nutrition, the disease and its consequences can be kept in check.
While there is no specific Crohn's Disease, certain foods have been identified as trigger foods and should therefore be avoided. Developing a nutrition plan will be a personalized program and should involve eating small, frequent and nutrient-rich meals and snacks that can be safely tolerated by the individual. It may be necessary to work with a registered dietitian to ensure adequate nutrient intake and identify tolerable foods.Common Misspellings
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